Virmentalness: Prototype of Therapy for Dysthymia Patients Using Virtual Reality

Lovely Sepang, Jeine lambani, Rischa Tandiseru, I Gede Purnawinadi, Andria Wahyudi



Depressive disorders can happen to anyone and will affect the pattern of life. However, there are still people who underestimate depression itself. Generally, depression problems or mental disorders are carried out with psychotherapy, a method for treating problems to find out the experienced problem and using anti-depressants. This study aims to produce a therapeutic aid for depression sufferers in this dysthymia by using Virtual Reality technology, which can be used by patients and medical experts, namely psychologists and psychotherapists, to use Virtual Reality-based therapy methods. The research method used is the prototyping method. The way to collect data is by interview and scientific literature. Researchers used Unity3D Software to create Virtual Reality applications. Virmentalness application is expected to help people with dysthymia symptoms in doing therapy to reduce symptoms. The application displays a 3D viewing environment of a room, a 360-degree atmosphere, and content video and audio for therapy methods.


Keywords— Depressive disorders, Dysthymia, Virtual Reality, Therapy, Android

Full Text:




F. Levy, P. Leboucher, G. Rautureau, and R. Jouvent, “E-virtual reality exposure therapy in acrophobia: A pilot study,” J. Telemed. Telecare, 2016, doi: 10.1177/1357633X15598243.

P. Fusar-Poli et al., “What is good mental health? A scoping review,” European Neuropsychopharmacology, vol. 31. 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.euroneuro.2019.12.105.

L. Muslic, D. J. Buric, M. Markelic, and S. M. Milanovic, “Mental health literacy,” Soc. Psihijatr., vol. 48, no. 3, 2021, doi: 10.24869/SPSIH.2020.324.

C. C. Boffino, C. S. C. De Sá, C. Gorenstein, R. G. Brown, L. F. H. Basile, and R. T. Ramos, “Fear of heights: Cognitive performance and postural control,” Eur. Arch. Psychiatry Clin. Neurosci., 2009, doi: 10.1007/s00406-008-0843-6.

F. Dimeo et al., “Physical performance, depresion, immune status and fatigue in patients with hematological malignancies after treatment,” Ann. Oncol., vol. 15, no. 8, 2004, doi: 10.1093/annonc/mdh314.

Y. Cabrera Macias, A. A. Remedios, E. J. López González, and E. L. Cabrera, “REVISIÓN BIBLIOGRÁFICA ¿Nos enferman las preocupaciones? Una respuesta desde la Psiconeuroinmunoendocrinología Do we get worried sick? An answer from the Psiconeuroinmunoendocrinology,” Medisur, vol. 15, no. 1727–897X, 2018.

N. Q. C. Nguyen, Thai; T. H., “Mental health literacy: knowledge of depression among undergraduate students in Hanoi, Vietnam,” Int. J. Ment. Heal. Syst., no. 19, 2018.

A. Singhal; J. Ross; O. Seminog; K. Hawton; M. J. Goldacre, “Risk of self-harm and suicide in people with specific psychiatric and physical disorders: comparisons between disorders using English national record linkage,” J. R. Soc. Med., vol. 107, no. 5, 2014.

E. Brinkmann et al., “Psychometric evaluation of a screening question for persistent depressive disorder,” BMC Psychiatry, vol. 19, no. 1, 2019, doi: 10.1186/s12888-019-2100-0.

M. G. Carta, P. Paribello, A. E. Nardi, and A. Preti, “Current pharmacotherapeutic approaches for dysthymic disorder and persistent depressive disorder,” Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy, vol. 20, no. 14. 2019, doi: 10.1080/14656566.2019.1637419.

J. Ishizaki and M. Mimura, “Dysthymia and apathy: Diagnosis and treatment,” Depression Research and Treatment, vol. 2011. 2011, doi: 10.1155/2011/893905.

E. Y. Putra, A. Wahyudi, and A. Tumilaar, “Virtual Reality 360 Interaktif Wisata Digital Kota Tomohon dengan Tampilan Stereoscopic,” CogITo Smart J., vol. 4, no. 1, 2018, doi: 10.31154/cogito.v4i1.106.104-112.

A. K. Wahyudi, E. S. Utama, and R. R. Ngantung, “Alat Peraga Mixed Reality untuk Pembelajaran Anatomi Otak Manusia dengan Interaksi Occlusion Detection,” CogITo Smart J., vol. 4, no. 2, 2019, doi: 10.31154/cogito.v4i2.140.337-347.

K. R. Butcher and J. M. Jameson, Computer-Assisted and Web-based Innovations in Psychology, Special Education, and Health. 2016.

J. K. Luiselli and A. J. Fischer, Computer-Assisted and Web-Based Innovations in Psychology, Special Education, and Health. 2016.

G. Riva et al., “Affective interactions using virtual reality: The link between presence and emotions,” Cyberpsychology Behav., vol. 10, no. 1, 2007, doi: 10.1089/cpb.2006.9993.

N. Zeng, Z. Pope, J. Lee, and Z. Gao, “Virtual Reality Exercise for Anxiety and Depression: A Preliminary Review of Current Research in an Emerging Field,” J. Clin. Med., vol. 7, no. 3, 2018, doi: 10.3390/jcm7030042.

E. M. Suyanto, D. Angkasa, H. Turaga, and R. Sutoyo, “Overcome Acrophobia with the Help of Virtual Reality and Kinect Technology,” in Procedia Computer Science, 2017, vol. 116, doi: 10.1016/j.procs.2017.10.062.

M. V. Navarro-Haro et al., “Meditation experts try Virtual Reality Mindfulness: A pilot study evaluation of the feasibility and acceptability of Virtual Reality to facilitate mindfulness practice in people attending a Mindfulness conference,” PLoS One, vol. 12, no. 11, 2017, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0187777.

J. Y. Mambu, A. K. Wahyudi, and F. Posumah, “Aplikasi Simulasi Public Speaking Berbasis Virtual Reality,” CogITo Smart J., vol. 4, no. 2, 2019, doi: 10.31154/cogito.v4i2.139.327-336.

A. K. Wahyudi, Y. J. Kairupan, and Y. C. Masengi, “Alat Peraga Jantung Manusia Berbasis Augmented Reality dengan Menggunakan Teknik 3D Object Tracking,” CogITo Smart J., vol. 4, no. 1, 2018, doi: 10.31154/cogito.v4i1.101.46-59.

Y. Primadasa and H. Juliansa, “MODEL UML DALAM RANCANG BANGUN SISTEM E-DISCUSSION UNTUK MAHASISWA KOTA LUBUKLINGGAU,” CogITo Smart J., vol. 6, no. 2, 2020, doi: 10.31154/cogito.v6i2.262.310-322.


O. Lengkong and J. Bororing, “Hyperion: A Simulation of High Places in the Form of Virtual Reality for Acrophobia Sufferers,” 2020, doi: 10.1109/ICORIS50180.2020.9320824.

O. Lengkong and R. Maringka, “Apps Rating Classification on Play Store Using Gradient Boost Algorithm,” 2020, doi: 10.1109/ICORIS50180.2020.9320756.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

CogITo Smart Journal
A publication of Fakultas Ilmu Komputer, Universitas Klabat
In partnership with Coris and IndoCEISS
Phone: +62 (431) 891035
email: | web:
Free counters!
View CogITo Smart Journal Stats

CogITo Smart Journal is indexed by:
  DOAJ    SINTA     Indonesia OneSearch by Perpusnas    Crossref    Google Scholar      Base Search PKP Index    neliti    EBSCO Information Science    mendeley          scilit    road    worldcat    DRJI    OpenAIREplus    copac    Gent University Library Stanford Library    Harvard Library    Leiden University Libraries    The University of Sheffield    Boston University Library    University of Manchester    University of Oxford    CORE    Livivo

CogITo Smart Journal is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.